Central grants to local governments : the political and economic impact of the rate support grant in England and Wales / R.J. Bennett.  (Text) (Text)

Bennett, R. J. (Robert John)
Call no.: HJ1023 .B45 2009Series: Cambridge geographical studies: 17.Publication: Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2009Description: xi, 351 p. : mapsNotes: Reprint. Originally published: 1982.; Includes index.ISBN: 9780521249089; 9780521112697 (pbk.)Subject(s): Grants-in-aid -- Great BritainIntergovernmental fiscal relations -- Great BritainLOC classification: HJ1023 | .B45 2009
Contents:Central grants to local governments -- Introduction -- The Rate Support Grant (RSG) -- Economic and political hypotheses -- Research approach -- Plan of book -- Part I Central grants : theory and practice -- Categoreis of central grants -- Grant categories -- Objectives of central grants -- Resource-equalising grants -- Need-equalising grants -- Combined resoruce and need-equalishing grants (Unitary grants) -- Cost-equalising grants -- Counclusion -- The evolution of central grants and local finances in Britain -- Introduction -- Local finances before 1929 -- Local finances 1929-48 -- Local finances 1948-66 -- The emergence of the Rate Support Grant -- Conclusion -- The Rate Support Grant -- Introduction -- Planning the aggregate level of RSG -- The distribution of the RSG 1967/8-1980/1 -- Conclusion -- The distribution of the RSG since 1981 -- Introduction -- Grant-related expenditure (GRE) -- Grant-related poundage (GRP) -- Thresholds, tapering and safety nets -- The experience of 'overspending' since 1981 -- Assessment in the block grant -- Conclusing -- Part II Distributional effects of British local finance -- Local expenditure need -- Introduction -- Need assessment and a standardised index -- The need position of local authorities -- The interelation of needs, expenditure and resources -- Counlusion -- Local taxes and expenditures -- Introduction -- The revenue position of local authorities -- The expenditure position of local authorities -- The tax rate position of local authorities -- Captital and debt position of local authorities -- Conclusion -- The distribution of the Rate Support Grant -- Introduction -- The resource element position -- The needs element position -- The combined needs and resource element position -- Counclusion -- Modelling expenditure and grants -- Introduction -- The expenditure equation -- The need equation -- The grant equation -- Debt -- Estimation of expenditure model -- Assemment o f estimation results -- Conclusion -- Part III Towards a more rational procedure -- An appraisal of alternatives -- Introduction -- Difficulties in the present structure of central-local relations -- Alternative forms of central-local relations -- Conclusion -- An alternative structure for central-local relations -- Introduction -- Underlying principles -- Reformed central grant structures -- Reformed local revenue sources -- Co-ordination of central and local finance : tax credits and negative income tax (NIT) -- Assessment of alternative grant and revenue system -- Conclusion -- The British experience of central grants -- A way forward? -- The RSG up to 1980/1 -- The RSG since 1981/2 -- The proposed system of central-local relations -- Appendix 1. Data sources and methods of analysis -- Appendix 2. Needs index tabulations per capita 1974-81 -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Bibliography Appendix : publications of G. B. Government relevant to Rate Support Grant.
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Reprint. Originally published: 1982.

Includes index.

Bibliography: p. 326-342.

Central grants to local governments -- Introduction -- The Rate Support Grant (RSG) -- Economic and political hypotheses -- Research approach -- Plan of book -- Part I Central grants : theory and practice -- Categoreis of central grants -- Grant categories -- Objectives of central grants -- Resource-equalising grants -- Need-equalising grants -- Combined resoruce and need-equalishing grants (Unitary grants) -- Cost-equalising grants -- Counclusion -- The evolution of central grants and local finances in Britain -- Introduction -- Local finances before 1929 -- Local finances 1929-48 -- Local finances 1948-66 -- The emergence of the Rate Support Grant -- Conclusion -- The Rate Support Grant -- Introduction -- Planning the aggregate level of RSG -- The distribution of the RSG 1967/8-1980/1 -- Conclusion -- The distribution of the RSG since 1981 -- Introduction -- Grant-related expenditure (GRE) -- Grant-related poundage (GRP) -- Thresholds, tapering and safety nets -- The experience of 'overspending' since 1981 -- Assessment in the block grant -- Conclusing -- Part II Distributional effects of British local finance -- Local expenditure need -- Introduction -- Need assessment and a standardised index -- The need position of local authorities -- The interelation of needs, expenditure and resources -- Counlusion -- Local taxes and expenditures -- Introduction -- The revenue position of local authorities -- The expenditure position of local authorities -- The tax rate position of local authorities -- Captital and debt position of local authorities -- Conclusion -- The distribution of the Rate Support Grant -- Introduction -- The resource element position -- The needs element position -- The combined needs and resource element position -- Counclusion -- Modelling expenditure and grants -- Introduction -- The expenditure equation -- The need equation -- The grant equation -- Debt -- Estimation of expenditure model -- Assemment o f estimation results -- Conclusion -- Part III Towards a more rational procedure -- An appraisal of alternatives -- Introduction -- Difficulties in the present structure of central-local relations -- Alternative forms of central-local relations -- Conclusion -- An alternative structure for central-local relations -- Introduction -- Underlying principles -- Reformed central grant structures -- Reformed local revenue sources -- Co-ordination of central and local finance : tax credits and negative income tax (NIT) -- Assessment of alternative grant and revenue system -- Conclusion -- The British experience of central grants -- A way forward? -- The RSG up to 1980/1 -- The RSG since 1981/2 -- The proposed system of central-local relations -- Appendix 1. Data sources and methods of analysis -- Appendix 2. Needs index tabulations per capita 1974-81 -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Bibliography Appendix : publications of G. B. Government relevant to Rate Support Grant.

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