Normal view MARC view ISBD view

Essential social psychology / Richard J. Crisp & Rhiannon N. Turner.

By: Crisp, Richard J, 1973-.
Contributor(s): Turner, Rhiannon N.
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookCall no.: HM1033 .C75 2014Publication: Los Angeles : SAGE, 2014Edition: 3rd ed.Description: xxvi, 540 p. : col. ill.ISBN: 9781446270776 (pbk.) ; 1446270777 (pbk.); 9781446270769; 1446270769.Subject(s): Social psychology
Contents:
Machine generated contents note: 1.History, Methods and Approaches -- A History -- Research Methods -- Archival Approaches -- Correlational Approaches -- Experimental Approaches -- Laboratory Experiments -- Field Experiments -- Qualitative Approaches -- Research Ethics -- 2.Attribution -- The Naive Scientist -- Attribution Theory -- Types of Attribution -- Making Attributions -- Correspondent Inference Theory -- The Co-variation Model -- Attributional Biases -- The Fundamental Attribution Error -- The Actor-Observer Bias -- Self-serving Attributions -- Intergroup Attributions -- Attribution and Social Processes -- Social Representations -- 3.Social Cognition -- The Cognitive Miser Versus the Naive Scientist -- Heuristics -- The Representativeness Heuristic -- The Availability Heuristic -- The False Consensus Effect -- The Anchoring Heuristic -- The Motivated Tactician -- Social Categorization -- Basic Principles -- Category Content -- Category Structure
Note continued: Why Do We Categorize? -- When Do We Categorize? -- Consequences of Categorization -- Prejudice -- Unconscious Behaviour -- Stereotype Threat -- Dual Process Theories -- 4.Attitudes -- Attitude Formation -- Mere Exposure -- Associative Learning -- Self-perception -- Functional Approach -- Utilitarian Function -- Knowledge Function -- Ego-Defensive Function -- Value-Expressive Function -- Attitudes and Behaviour -- Determinants of the Attitude-Behaviour Relationship -- Specificity -- Time -- Self-awareness -- Attitude Accessibility -- Attitude Strength -- The Theory of Planned Behaviour -- Reasoned Action Versus Spontaneity -- Attitude Change -- Cognitive Dissonance -- Factors Affecting Dissonance -- Dissonance or Self-perception -- Persuasion -- Dual Process Models of Persuasion -- Processing Route Determinants -- Peripheral Cues -- 5.Social Influence -- Social Norms -- Norm Development -- Uncertainty and Social Norms -- Norms as Group Attitudes
Note continued: Conformity -- Asch's Conformity Experiment -- Explaining Conformity -- Factors that Moderate Conformity -- Moderators of Normative Influence -- Moderators of Informational Influence -- Impact of Influence on Social Norms -- Group Polarization -- Groupthink -- Minority Influence -- Consistency and Confidence -- How Minorities Exert Influence -- Obedience -- Milgram's Study of Obedience -- Explaining Obedience -- Determinants of Obedience -- Social Impact Theory -- 6.Group Processes -- Groups -- What Is a Group? -- Entitativity -- Social Facilitation and Social Inhibition -- Explanations of Facilitation and Inhibition -- Drive Theory -- Evaluation Apprehension -- Distraction Conflict -- Social Loafing -- Diffusion of Responsibility and Complex Tasks -- Leadership -- What Makes a Leader? -- Personality Determinants -- Situational Determinants -- Leadership Style -- Autocratic, Democratic and Laissez-faire Leadership
Note continued: Task-Focused Versus Socio-emotional Leadership -- Transformational Leadership -- Theories of Situation and Style -- Leader-Situation Interaction -- Leader-Group Interaction -- 7.Self and Identity -- Self-awareness -- Development of Self-awareness -- Neurological Basis of Self-awareness -- Temporary Differences in Self-awareness -- Chronic Differences in Self-awareness -- Organization of Self-knowledge -- Theories of Self-concept Maintenance -- Theories of Self-comparison -- Control Theory of Self-regulation -- Self-discrepancy Theory -- Theories of Individual Comparison -- Social Comparison Theory -- Self-evaluation Maintenance Model -- Theories of Group Comparison -- Social Identity Approach -- Self-esteem -- Development of Self-esteem -- Consequences of Self-esteem -- Mood Regulation -- Narcissism -- Self-motives -- Self-enhancement -- Strategies to Enhance the Personal Self -- Strategies to Enhance the Social Self
Note continued: Cultural Differences in Self and Identity -- Individualist and Collectivist Cultures -- Biculturalism -- 8.Prejudice -- Prejudice: Old and New -- Prejudice, Discrimination and Intergroup Bias -- Racism -- Sexism -- Implicit Prejudice -- Infrahumanization -- Social Exclusion -- Individual Differences in Prejudice -- The Authoritarian Personality -- Social Dominance Orientation -- Prejudice and Self-regulation -- Regulation of Prejudice Through Socially Interactive Dialogue -- Reducing Prejudice -- The Contact Hypothesis -- Indirect Contact -- 9.Intergroup Relations -- Theories of Intergroup Relations -- Sherif's Summer Camp Studies -- Realistic Group Conflict Theory -- The Minimal Group Paradigm -- The Category Differentiation Model -- Social Identity Theory -- Self-categorization Theory -- Self-anchoring Theory -- Terror Management Theory -- Evolutionary Theory -- Improving Intergroup Relations -- The Common Ingroup Identity Model
Note continued: Crossed Categorization -- Multiple Categorization -- 10.Aggression -- Theories of Aggression -- The Evolutionary Approach -- The Cathartic Approach -- The Social Approach -- Cognitive Neoassociationalist Model -- Excitation-Transfer Model -- Learning Theories of Aggression -- Person-Centred Determinants of Aggression -- Gender Differences -- Personality -- Alcohol -- Situation-Centred Determinants of Aggression -- Physical Environment -- Temperature -- Crowding -- Noise -- Social Disadvantage -- Cultural Influences -- Disinhibition -- Deindividuation -- Forms of Aggression in Society -- Domestic Violence -- Sexual Harassment -- Sexual Aggression -- Terrorism -- 11.Prosocial Behaviour -- What Is Prosocial Behaviour? -- Origins of Prosocial Behaviour -- Evolutionary Perspective -- Social Norms -- Modelling -- Situation-Centred Determinants of Helping -- Latane and Darley's Cognitive Model -- The Bystander Apathy Effect
Note continued: Processes Underlying the Bystander Apathy Effect -- Piliavin's Bystander-Calculus Model -- Physiological Arousal -- Labelling the Arousal -- Calculating the Costs -- Perceiver-Centred Determinants of Helping -- Personality -- Competence -- Mood -- Empathy-Altruism -- Gender Differences in Helping -- Recipient-Centred Determinants of Helping -- Similarity -- Group Membership -- Attractiveness -- Responsibility for Misfortune -- Receiving Help -- 12.Affiliation and Attraction -- Affiliation -- When and Why Do We Affiliate? -- Psychological Determinants of Affiliation -- Individual Differences in Affiliation -- Problems with Affiliation and Affiliating -- Social Anxiety -- Loneliness -- Ostracism -- Interpersonal Attraction -- Target-Centred Determinants of Attraction -- Physical Characteristics -- Consequences of Physical Attractiveness -- Similarity to the Self -- Complementary Characteristics -- Reciprocity
Note continued: Perceiver-Centred Determinants of Attraction -- Familiarity -- Anxiety -- Online Attraction -- Portraying One's True Self -- Self-presentation Online -- 13.Friendship and Love -- Friendship -- Social Penetration Theory -- Gender Differences in Friendships -- Intimacy -- Physical Contact -- Why Do These Gender Differences Exist? -- Romantic Relationships -- Types of Love -- Passionate Love -- Companionate Love -- Development of Cultural Knowledge about Love -- Relationship Satisfaction and Commitment -- Relationship Satisfaction -- Social Exchange and Equity -- Intimacy -- Perceived Concealment -- Interpretation -- Social Comparison -- Social Networks -- Attachment -- Interdependence Theory -- What Determines Whether a Relationship Will Last? -- The Investment Model -- Other Models of Commitment -- Consequences of Commitment -- The Breakdown of a Relationship -- 14.Applications -- A History of Applying Social Psychology -- Organizations
Note continued: Job Satisfaction -- Embodied Cognition -- The Dark Side of Power Postures -- Health -- Theories of Health Behaviour -- Approaches to Changing Health Behaviour -- Binge Drinking -- AIDS and HIV Prevention -- Tolerance -- Multicultural Curricula Programmes -- Anti-racist Programmes -- Diversity Training -- Contact-Based Interventions -- Cooperative Learning -- Imagined Contact.
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General Books HM1033 .C75 2014 (See Similar Items) Checked out 30/10/2019 31379015692362
Total holds: 0

Includes bibliographical references (pages 473-521) and indexes.

Machine generated contents note: 1.History, Methods and Approaches -- A History -- Research Methods -- Archival Approaches -- Correlational Approaches -- Experimental Approaches -- Laboratory Experiments -- Field Experiments -- Qualitative Approaches -- Research Ethics -- 2.Attribution -- The Naive Scientist -- Attribution Theory -- Types of Attribution -- Making Attributions -- Correspondent Inference Theory -- The Co-variation Model -- Attributional Biases -- The Fundamental Attribution Error -- The Actor-Observer Bias -- Self-serving Attributions -- Intergroup Attributions -- Attribution and Social Processes -- Social Representations -- 3.Social Cognition -- The Cognitive Miser Versus the Naive Scientist -- Heuristics -- The Representativeness Heuristic -- The Availability Heuristic -- The False Consensus Effect -- The Anchoring Heuristic -- The Motivated Tactician -- Social Categorization -- Basic Principles -- Category Content -- Category Structure

Note continued: Why Do We Categorize? -- When Do We Categorize? -- Consequences of Categorization -- Prejudice -- Unconscious Behaviour -- Stereotype Threat -- Dual Process Theories -- 4.Attitudes -- Attitude Formation -- Mere Exposure -- Associative Learning -- Self-perception -- Functional Approach -- Utilitarian Function -- Knowledge Function -- Ego-Defensive Function -- Value-Expressive Function -- Attitudes and Behaviour -- Determinants of the Attitude-Behaviour Relationship -- Specificity -- Time -- Self-awareness -- Attitude Accessibility -- Attitude Strength -- The Theory of Planned Behaviour -- Reasoned Action Versus Spontaneity -- Attitude Change -- Cognitive Dissonance -- Factors Affecting Dissonance -- Dissonance or Self-perception -- Persuasion -- Dual Process Models of Persuasion -- Processing Route Determinants -- Peripheral Cues -- 5.Social Influence -- Social Norms -- Norm Development -- Uncertainty and Social Norms -- Norms as Group Attitudes

Note continued: Conformity -- Asch's Conformity Experiment -- Explaining Conformity -- Factors that Moderate Conformity -- Moderators of Normative Influence -- Moderators of Informational Influence -- Impact of Influence on Social Norms -- Group Polarization -- Groupthink -- Minority Influence -- Consistency and Confidence -- How Minorities Exert Influence -- Obedience -- Milgram's Study of Obedience -- Explaining Obedience -- Determinants of Obedience -- Social Impact Theory -- 6.Group Processes -- Groups -- What Is a Group? -- Entitativity -- Social Facilitation and Social Inhibition -- Explanations of Facilitation and Inhibition -- Drive Theory -- Evaluation Apprehension -- Distraction Conflict -- Social Loafing -- Diffusion of Responsibility and Complex Tasks -- Leadership -- What Makes a Leader? -- Personality Determinants -- Situational Determinants -- Leadership Style -- Autocratic, Democratic and Laissez-faire Leadership

Note continued: Task-Focused Versus Socio-emotional Leadership -- Transformational Leadership -- Theories of Situation and Style -- Leader-Situation Interaction -- Leader-Group Interaction -- 7.Self and Identity -- Self-awareness -- Development of Self-awareness -- Neurological Basis of Self-awareness -- Temporary Differences in Self-awareness -- Chronic Differences in Self-awareness -- Organization of Self-knowledge -- Theories of Self-concept Maintenance -- Theories of Self-comparison -- Control Theory of Self-regulation -- Self-discrepancy Theory -- Theories of Individual Comparison -- Social Comparison Theory -- Self-evaluation Maintenance Model -- Theories of Group Comparison -- Social Identity Approach -- Self-esteem -- Development of Self-esteem -- Consequences of Self-esteem -- Mood Regulation -- Narcissism -- Self-motives -- Self-enhancement -- Strategies to Enhance the Personal Self -- Strategies to Enhance the Social Self

Note continued: Cultural Differences in Self and Identity -- Individualist and Collectivist Cultures -- Biculturalism -- 8.Prejudice -- Prejudice: Old and New -- Prejudice, Discrimination and Intergroup Bias -- Racism -- Sexism -- Implicit Prejudice -- Infrahumanization -- Social Exclusion -- Individual Differences in Prejudice -- The Authoritarian Personality -- Social Dominance Orientation -- Prejudice and Self-regulation -- Regulation of Prejudice Through Socially Interactive Dialogue -- Reducing Prejudice -- The Contact Hypothesis -- Indirect Contact -- 9.Intergroup Relations -- Theories of Intergroup Relations -- Sherif's Summer Camp Studies -- Realistic Group Conflict Theory -- The Minimal Group Paradigm -- The Category Differentiation Model -- Social Identity Theory -- Self-categorization Theory -- Self-anchoring Theory -- Terror Management Theory -- Evolutionary Theory -- Improving Intergroup Relations -- The Common Ingroup Identity Model

Note continued: Crossed Categorization -- Multiple Categorization -- 10.Aggression -- Theories of Aggression -- The Evolutionary Approach -- The Cathartic Approach -- The Social Approach -- Cognitive Neoassociationalist Model -- Excitation-Transfer Model -- Learning Theories of Aggression -- Person-Centred Determinants of Aggression -- Gender Differences -- Personality -- Alcohol -- Situation-Centred Determinants of Aggression -- Physical Environment -- Temperature -- Crowding -- Noise -- Social Disadvantage -- Cultural Influences -- Disinhibition -- Deindividuation -- Forms of Aggression in Society -- Domestic Violence -- Sexual Harassment -- Sexual Aggression -- Terrorism -- 11.Prosocial Behaviour -- What Is Prosocial Behaviour? -- Origins of Prosocial Behaviour -- Evolutionary Perspective -- Social Norms -- Modelling -- Situation-Centred Determinants of Helping -- Latane and Darley's Cognitive Model -- The Bystander Apathy Effect

Note continued: Processes Underlying the Bystander Apathy Effect -- Piliavin's Bystander-Calculus Model -- Physiological Arousal -- Labelling the Arousal -- Calculating the Costs -- Perceiver-Centred Determinants of Helping -- Personality -- Competence -- Mood -- Empathy-Altruism -- Gender Differences in Helping -- Recipient-Centred Determinants of Helping -- Similarity -- Group Membership -- Attractiveness -- Responsibility for Misfortune -- Receiving Help -- 12.Affiliation and Attraction -- Affiliation -- When and Why Do We Affiliate? -- Psychological Determinants of Affiliation -- Individual Differences in Affiliation -- Problems with Affiliation and Affiliating -- Social Anxiety -- Loneliness -- Ostracism -- Interpersonal Attraction -- Target-Centred Determinants of Attraction -- Physical Characteristics -- Consequences of Physical Attractiveness -- Similarity to the Self -- Complementary Characteristics -- Reciprocity

Note continued: Perceiver-Centred Determinants of Attraction -- Familiarity -- Anxiety -- Online Attraction -- Portraying One's True Self -- Self-presentation Online -- 13.Friendship and Love -- Friendship -- Social Penetration Theory -- Gender Differences in Friendships -- Intimacy -- Physical Contact -- Why Do These Gender Differences Exist? -- Romantic Relationships -- Types of Love -- Passionate Love -- Companionate Love -- Development of Cultural Knowledge about Love -- Relationship Satisfaction and Commitment -- Relationship Satisfaction -- Social Exchange and Equity -- Intimacy -- Perceived Concealment -- Interpretation -- Social Comparison -- Social Networks -- Attachment -- Interdependence Theory -- What Determines Whether a Relationship Will Last? -- The Investment Model -- Other Models of Commitment -- Consequences of Commitment -- The Breakdown of a Relationship -- 14.Applications -- A History of Applying Social Psychology -- Organizations

Note continued: Job Satisfaction -- Embodied Cognition -- The Dark Side of Power Postures -- Health -- Theories of Health Behaviour -- Approaches to Changing Health Behaviour -- Binge Drinking -- AIDS and HIV Prevention -- Tolerance -- Multicultural Curricula Programmes -- Anti-racist Programmes -- Diversity Training -- Contact-Based Interventions -- Cooperative Learning -- Imagined Contact.

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