"Masters" and "natives" : digging the others' past / edited by Svetlana Gorshenina ... [et al.].
Contributor(s): Gorshenina, Svetlana.Material type: BookCall no.: DS339 .M37 2019Series: Worlds of south and inner Asia: v. 8.Publication: Berlin : De Gruyter, 2019Description: ix, 383 p. : ill.ISBN: 9783110597066 (hbk.); 3110597063.Subject(s): Intercultural communication -- South Asia | South Asia -- Colonial influence | South Asia -- Relations | South Asia -- Social life and customs
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Includes bibliographical references.
Preface: Continuity and Distance: Antiquarians before Archaeologists / Alain Schnapp -- Introduction: The Spirit of Adventure: The Archaeologist-cum-Hero and His Aides in the Heart of Unknown Worlds / Svetlana Gorshenina, Philippe Bornet, Michel E. Fuchs and Claude Rapin -- Archaeology in the Time of Empires:Unequal Negotiations and Scientific Competition -- “Masters” Against “Natives” : Edward Daniel Clarke and the “Theft” of the Eleusinian “Goddess” / Karl Reber -- Russian Archaeologists, Colonial Administrators, and the “Natives” of Turkestan: Revisiting the History of Archaeology in Central Asia / Svetlana Gorshenina -- The “Maîtres” of Archaeology in Eastern Turkestan: Divide et Impera / Mikhail Bukharin -- “Master ” / “Native” : Are There Winners? A Micro-History of Reciprocal and Non-Linear Relations -- Subverting the “Master”–“Native” Relationship: Dragomans and Their Clients in the Fin-de-Siècle Middle East / Rachel Mairs and Maya Muratov --In the Service of the Colonizer: Leon Barszczewski, Polish Officer in the Tsarist Army / Barbara Kaim -- “The General and his Army” : Metropolitans and Localson the Khorezmian Expedition / Irina Arzhantseva and Heinrich Härke -- Taming the Other’s Past: The Eurocentric Scientific Tools -- From the Emic to the Etic and Back Again: Archaeology, Orientalism,and Religion from Colonial Sri Lanka to Switzerland / Philippe Bornet -- Legislation and the Study of the Past: The Archaeological Survey of the Present / Himanshu Prabha Ray -- Early Archaeology in a “Native State” : Khans, Officers, and Archaeologists in Swat (1895–1939), with a Digression on the 1950s / Luca Maria Olivieri -- The Forging of Myths: Heroic Clichés and the (Re-)Distribution of Roles -- Archaeologists in Soviet Literature / Leonid Heller -- Archaeology and the Archaeologist on Screen / Mehdi Derfoufi -- Reversal of Roles in Postcolonial and NeocolonialContexts: From a Relation between “Masters”
and “Subordinates” to “Partnership”? From Supervision to Independence in Archaeology: The Comparison of the Iranian and the Afghan Strategy / Agnès Borde Meyer -- The Postcolonial Rewriting of the Past in North and South Korea Following Independence (1950s–1960s) / Arnaud Nanta -- Excavating in Iran and Central Asia: Cooperation or Competition? / Bruno Genito --Publishing an Archaeological Discovery astride the “North”–“South” Divide (On an Example from Central Asia) / Claude Rapin -- Role Reversal: Hindu “Ethno-Expertise” of Western Archaeological Materials / Thierry Luginbühl.
The book focuses on the relational dynamic between "masters" and "natives" in the construction of scholarly narratives about the past, in the fields of archeology, history or the study of religions. Reconsidering the role of subaltern actors that recent postcolonial studies have tended to ignore, the present book emphasizes the complex relations between representatives of the imperial power and local actors, and analyzes how masters and natives (and their respective cultures) have shaped each other in the course of the interaction. Through various vectors of intercultural transfer and knowledge exchange, through the circulation of ideas, techniques and human beings, new visions of the past of extra-European regions emerged, as did collective memories resulting from various kinds of appropriations. In this framework, the most important question is how these dynamic processes determined collective memories of the past in plural (post-)colonial - in particular, Asian - worlds, participating to the construction of national/imperial/local identities and to the reinvention of traditions.
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